World crude steel output and ferrous scrap use in steelmaking both increased 3.4% in 2019 compared with 2018, while international trade in steel scrap decreased 5.8%, according to the Bureau of International Recycling’s (Brussels) 11th edition of World Steel Recycling in Figures, released in late May.
The report provides global steel scrap statistics from 2015 to 2019.
China is the world’s largest ferrous scrap user, with its ferrous scrap consumption growing 15% in 2019, to 215.9 million mt, the report states. It attributes the growth to higher emissions standards for the Chinese steel industry, which have led basic oxygen furnace mills to use up to 20.2% scrap inputs and China’s electric-arc furnace steel production to increase 91% last year.
The report provides an overview of 2019’s three leading steel scrap importing countries: Turkey (where imports were down 8.7% from 2018, to 18.86 million mt), India (up 11.4%, to 7.05 million mt), and South Korea (up 1.6%, to 6.49 million mt). Ferrous scrap imports also increased in the European Union, Indonesia, and Malaysia, while they decreased in the United States, Pakistan, Taiwan, Canada, and Belarus. Flow charts detail the destinations of ferrous scrap from the eight largest steel scrap exporting areas: the European Union (up 0.6% from 2018), United States (up 2%), Japan (up 3.4%), Canada (down 14.5%), Russia (down 27.4%), Australia (up 18.1%), Hong Kong (down 26%), and Singapore (down 2.1%).
The report provides global crude steel production statistics and steel scrap use by country and region. It also highlights the climate benefits of using steel scrap rather than virgin material in the manufacturing process. Visit bir.org/publications/facts-figures